Environmental and Agricultural Biotechnology

Environmental biotechnology is the application and study of biotechnology to the natural environment. Environmental biotechnology may also indicate attempting to harness biological processes for economic use and exploitation. Environmental biotechnology can be defined simply as "the optimal use of nature, in the form of plants, animals, bacteria, fungi, and algae, to produce renewable energy, food, and nutrients in a synergistic integrated cycle of profit-making processes in which the waste of one process becomes the feedstock for another." Agricultural biotechnology, also known as agritech, is a branch of agricultural science that involves the use of scientific tools and techniques to modify living organisms such as plants, animals, and microorganisms, such as genetic engineering, molecular markers, molecular diagnostics, vaccines, and tissue culture.


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