Genomics is a branch of biology that focuses on the structure, function, evolution, mapping, and editing of genomes. A genome is a complete set of DNA that includes all of an organism's genes as well as its hierarchical, three-dimensional structural arrangement. The goal of genomics is to characterise and quantify all of an organism's genes, their interrelationships, and their influence on the organism. Functional genomics is a branch of molecular biology that aims to understand gene activities and interactions by utilising the large abundance of data generated by genomic initiatives. Functional genomics focuses on dynamic features of genomic information such as gene transcription, translation, and protein-protein interactions rather than static aspects such as DNA sequence.



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